DeKalb County School District


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This web page contains general information about wellness. opens in same window icon School Nutrition [ ] implements a Wellness program in conjunction with meals and nutrion and in support of Board of Education policy.

What is the definition of wellness? More than ever before, we hear this word in the news, on billboards, in conversation, and even at work. Interestingly, there is no universally-accepted definition of wellness. There is, however, a set of common characteristics seen in most thoughtful attempts at a definition of wellness. We generally see a reference to a "state of well-being," which is vague, to say the least. Also frequently seen is a "state of acceptance or satisfaction with our present condition."

The truth is wellness is a tough word to define. That said, we'll leave it to Dr. Charles B. Corbin of Arizona State University who gives this definition of wellness:

"Wellness is a multidimensional state of being describing the existence of positive health in an individual as exemplified by quality of life and a sense of well-being."

Wellness is an active process of becoming aware of and making choices toward a more successful existence.

improvement is always possible
continuously seeking more information about how we can improve
consider a variety of options and select those in our best interest
determined by each individual to be their collection of life accomplishments

Seven Components of Wellness


Accepting and manage your feelings, including your ability to understand your limitations, navigate through stressful situations and maintain healthy relationships with others.

Emotional wellness is classified by how one accepts and manages their feelings, including the ability to understand his or her limitations. This would also include the ability to navigate through stressful situations and maintaining healthy relationships. One must be able to acknowledge and show feelings of anger, fear, sadness or stress, hope, love, joy, and happiness in a productive manner. In order for this to work, one would need to feel positive as well as enthusiastic about themselves and their life.

An emotionally well balanced person will maintain satisfying relationships with others while expressing and managing their feelings openly and effectively. The ability to create mutually supporting relationships with others of mutual commitment, trust, and respect will assist in this balance. One may also take on challenges, take risks, and recognize conflict as being healthy.


Having places to live and work that are safe for you both emotionally and physically.

Environmental wellness involves people knowing they have a place to live and work that are deemed safe for each person's emotional and physical well being. Environmental wellness encompasses how the environment is cared for as well as how environments are developed free from violence or the threat of violence. We must also recognize our own responsibility for the quality of the air, water, and land that surrounds us. In order to contribute to the well-being of the environment, one must examine several components in order to raise his or her awareness:

  • avoiding an ear full of trouble—changes in pressure
  • weather awareness
  • love and matters of the heart
  • back to school safe and sound
  • recognizing domestic abuse


Participating in creative, stimulating, growth-oriented activities. It involves learning new skills, and sharing that knowledge and skills with others.

The Intellectual components of wellness was developed based on the creating, stimulating, and growth activities of daily life. This will involve learning and sharing new knowledge and skills attained. We must also open our minds to new ideas and experiences that can be applied to personal decisions.

Within this component a well balanced person will cherish intellectual growth and stimulation. They will also have the desire to learn new concepts, improve skills, and seek challenges in pursuit of life-long learning. Most people will stay abreast of current issues, pursue personal interest, and resolve issues relating to problem solving. With this component of wellness you must be well prepared for the following areas:

  • managing change—set realistic goals
  • know how to address failure and disappointment
  • keep your memory sharp by staying active
  • back to school safety


Finding rewarding work, where you can use your special skills and talents to make a positive contribution.

Occupational components focus on locating rewarding work that will allow the possibility of using special skills and talents to make positive contributions to society. The work you choose to enter and its alignment with your values as well as your attitudes about the work you do are important elements of this component of wellness.

  • working third shift? not enough sleep?
  • do not get scorched by job burnout by physical or mental exhaustion


Managing your physical health on a daily basis.

Physical wellness is centered on specific activities one involves them self on a daily basis which assist in maintaining physical health. To achieve this goal, regular physical activity, positive eating habits, maintaining a healthy height-to-weight ratio, and obtaining sufficient amounts of rest (sleep) should be scheduled daily. Managing your physical wellness will contribute to an increased level of energy and enhanced self-esteem. It is important to take into consideration when searching for an occupation, look to obtain personal fulfillment from the job or chosen career field while still maintaining balance in your life.

  • manage your weight
  • manage your blood pressure
  • manage your cholesterol


Contributing to ones environment and community. It emphasizes the interdependence between others and nature.

Social components involve the ability to contribute to the environment and community. It emphasizes the interdependence between others and nature. It involves an awareness of your importance in society as well as the impact you have on multiple environments. Having a positive social behavior will allow one to relate to and connect with other people in your immediate environment. This will allow for the establishment and maintaining positive relationships with family, friends, and co-workers. One must take an active part by encouraging healthier living and initiating better communication.

  • marriage and family therapy
  • leaving loneliness behind
  • love and matters of the heart
  • how to deal with difficult people


Finding meaning and purpose in life and defining a value system to operate within.

Spiritual wellness involves the understanding that humans are spiritual beings. A positive spirit also allows peace and harmony to enter the lives of individuals and families. It must be understood that spirituality is not the same as religion. Spirituality pertains to the ultimate meaning and purpose of life.

  • relaxation therapies
  • mindful meditation
  • happiness and spirituality impact longevity